Professor Nick Clifton

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

​Professor of Economic Geography and Regional Development

Department: Accounting, Economics and Finance
Telephone No: +44(0)29 2041 7159
Email Address: nclifton@cardiffmet.ac.uk

Nick joined Cardiff Metropolitan University in April 2009 from the School of Planning & Geography, Cardiff University. His main research interests lie in the fields of regional economics, small business and entrepreneurship, networks, business strategy, innovation and creativity. In particular, he is interested in how firms use networks to acquire knowledge and innovate, and the factors that influence the location choices of creative individuals. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and an affiliate of the Martin Prosperity Institute, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.

In 2013 Nick co-edited a Regional Studies special issue with Dr Roberta Comunian (King's College London) and Dr Caroline Chapain (University of Birmingham) on 'Creative Regions: Diverging Dynamics for Creative Individuals and Industries between Local Policies and Global Discourses'.

With the same colleagues Nick also guest edited a special issue of the City, Culture and Society on 'Creative industries & creative policies: a European perspective?, 5(2) (June 2014).

Nick has recently co-edited a special issue of European Planning Studies (vol 19 no.11) on 'Companies, cultures, and the region: interactions and outcomes' (November 2011).

Co-guest editor (2010) on a special issue of the Creative Industries Journal 3(1/2) 'Location, location, location: exploring the complex relationship between creative industries and place'.

 

Research

​Major research projects have focused on the international knowledge-sourcing of SMEs, asymmetric devolution in UK and the design and delivery of economic development policies in the UK, and the first rigorous European quantitative and qualitative investigation of the 'creative class'. Recent work has also explored the interplay between culture and regional branding. I am currently involved in a research project with colleagues at Cardiff Met looking at innovation, creativity and the use of 'co-working' spaces.

Nick has been involved in authoring more than 100 journal articles, conference and working papers, research consultancy reports, edited books and chapters. His research has attracted support from a wide range of organisations in the UK such as the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Regional Studies Association, Welsh Assembly Government, HEFCW, Cardiff Council, Federation of Small Businesses, The Scottish Executive, and NESTA.​​

Publications

 

Journal Articles

An Appropriate Tool for Entrepreneurial Learning in SMEs? the case of the '20Twenty Leadership Programme' (with Robert Huggins, Brian Morgan and Piers Thompson) Local Economy (forthcoming).

Huggins, R., Prokop, D., Steffenson, R., Johnston, A. and Clifton, N. (2014), "The engagement of entrepreneurial firms with universities: Network formation, innovation, and resilience", Journal of General Management, 40 (1), 23-51.

Comunian, R., Chapain, C., and Clifton, N. (2014) Editorial for Special Issue of City, Culture and Society on 'Creative industries & creative policies: a European perspective?, 5(2), 51-53.

Clifton, N., (2014) "Towards a holistic understanding of county of origin effects? branding of the region, branding from the region" Journal of Destination Marketing & Management 3(2), 122–132

Chapain, C., Clifton, N., and Comunian, R., (2013) 'Understanding Creative Regions: Bridging the Gap between Global Discourses and Regional and National Contexts', editorial for Regional Studies special issue on 'Creative Regions: Diverging Dynamics for Creative Individuals and Industries between local policies and global discourses, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp 131-134.

Clifton, N., Cooke, P., and Hansen, H.K. (2013) "Towards a Reconciliation of the 'Context-less' with the 'Space-less'? The Creative Class across Varieties of Capitalism – new evidence from Sweden and the UK", Regional Studies, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp 201-215.

Clifton, N., O'Sullivan, D., and Pickernell, D., (2012) 'Capacity-building, culture, and the contribution of public festivals: evaluating 'Cardiff 2005'', Event Management: an international journal, Vol.16, pp. 77–91.​

Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (2011) Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Interactions and Outcomes (Editorial for Special Issue), European Planning Studies Vol. 19, No. 11. pp 1857-1864

Clifton, N. (2011) Regional culture in the market-place: place-branding and product branding as cultural exchange, European Planning Studies Vol. 19, No. 11. pp 1973-1994.

Huggins, R. and Clifton, N., (2011) 'Competitiveness, Creativity, and Place-Based Development', Environment and Planning A, Vol 43(6), pp 1341–1362.

Clifton, N., (2011) "Creativity, culture and regeneration in Britain", British Politics Review, Vol. 6 (1).

Clifton, N., Pickernell, D., David, R., and Ehret, O. (2011) "An Analysis of Actual and Potential Clustering Structures, Stakeholder Governance Activities, and Cross-Locality Linkages in the Welsh Aerospace Industry", European Planning Studies, Vol 19. No. 2, February 2011, pp. 279-309.

Clifton, N., Pickernell, D., Keast, R. and Senior, M., (2011) "Small and Medium Sized Enterprises and Innovation Networks: An Initial Analysis of the Roles of Universities and other actors", International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, pp.113–134. Special Issue on Creating value through effective governance of knowledge sharing processes in inter-organizational partnerships.

Comunian, R., Chapain, C. and Clifton, N., (2010) 'Location, location, location: exploring the complex relationship between creative industries and place' (Editorial), Creative Industries Journal 3: 1+2, pp. 5–10.

Clifton, N., Pickernell, D., Keast, R. and Senior, M., (2010) "Network structure, knowledge governance and firm performance: Evidence from innovation networks and SMEs in the UK", Growth and Change, Vol. 41 No. 3 (2010), pp. 337–373.

Clifton, N. (2010) Review of Richard Florida's "Who's Your City?", Journal of Regional Science, vol. 50(2), 681-682.

Clifton, N., and Cooke, P. (2009) "Knowledge workers and creativity in Europe and North America: a comparative review", Creative Industries Journal, Vol. 2(1), 73-89. Special issue on The Drivers and Processes of Creative Industries in Regions and Cities.

Clifton, N., Pickernell, D., and Senyard, J. (2009) "Think Global, Act Local? Universities, SMEs, and Innovation Frameworks" Industry and Higher Education Vol. 23(2), 79-89.

Clifton, N. (2008) "The 'creative class' in the UK: an initial analysis". Geografiska Annaler Series B, vol. 90 (1): 63–82.

Clifton, N., Christie, M., Pickernell, D., and Senyard, J. (2007) "Grant Maintained or Grant Restrained? Rural Social Enterprise in Ceredigion, Wales" Journal of Rural Enterprise and Management, Vol. 3. no.1, pp 5-23.

Clifton, N., Kahn, Z., Peachey, P., and Pickernell, D. (2006) "Regional Policy, Competitiveness and Inward Investment: R & D in the Welsh Auto Components Industry", Int​ernational Journal of Applied International Business Volume 1 (3).

Cooke, P., Clifton, N., and Oleaga, M. (2005) "Social Capital, Firm Embeddedness and Regional Development", Regional Studies, 39 (8), 1065–1077.

Cooke, P., and Clifton, N. (2005) "Visionary, precautionary and constrained 'varieties of devolution' in the economic governance of the devolved UK territories", Regional Studies, 39 (4), 437-451.

Sparkes, A., Thomas, B., Clifton, N.C., and Rosales, M. (2003) "The Internet as a Marketing Interface for Welsh Speciality Small and Medium-sized Agri-food Enterprises", Journal of Research in Marketing & Entrepreneurship, Volume 3, Issue 3, 144 – 161.

Clifton, N., and Pickernell, D. (2002) "The Automotive and Electronics Industries: Processes and Management of Change", International Journal of Management and Decision Making, Volume 3, No. 1, 35-51.

Clifton, N., (2001) "Systems Suppliers: Towards 'Best Practice'?", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 8 No. 3, 172-190.

Brooksbank, D., Morse, L. Thomas, B., and Clifton, N., (2001) "An Assessment of the Management and Practice of Training for Businesses in South East Wales", International Journal of Applied Management, Vol.2 No.3, 79–106.

Brooksbank, D., Clifton, N., Jones-Evans, D., and Pickernell, D. (2001) "The End of the Beginning?: Welsh Regional Policy and Objective One", European Planning Studies Vol. 9 No. 2, 255-274.

Clifton, N., Evans, R., and Pickernell, D. (2001) "Changing the Business or Changing the System?: A case study of implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning", International Journal of Applied Management, Vol.2 No. 2, 39-50.

Clifton, N., Jeanes, E., and Pickernell, D. (2001) "All Growth No Change?: A Case Study of Maintaining Organisational Behaviour And Managing Human Resources Through a Period of Growth", International Journal of Applied HRM, Vo.2 No. 1, 167-180.

Clifton, N., (2000) "Out-Sourcing in the Automotive Industry: A Case Study of Assembler-Supplier Collaboration", International Journal of Applied Management, Vol.1 No. 2, 37-52.


 

Edited Books

Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (eds.) (2014) Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Interactions and Outcomes, London, Routledge.

Benneworth, P., Clifton, N., Doucet, B,. Goebel, C., Hamm, R., and Schmitz, Y. (eds.) (2009) The Regeneration of Image in Old Industrial Regions: agents of change and changing agents, Gottingen, Cuvillier Verlag.​


 

Book Chapters

 

Clifton, N. and Gartner, S. (forthcoming) "Corporate Identity", Wiley-AAG International Encyclopaedia of Geography, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (2014) "Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Introduction and Overview" in Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (eds.) (2014) Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Interactions and Outcomes, London, Routledge.

Clifton, N., "Regional culture in the market-place: place-branding and product branding as cultural exchange" in Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (eds.) (2014) Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Interactions and Outcomes, London, Routledge.

Clifton, N., David, A., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D "Epilogue; reflecting on regional culture, company culture, their interactions and the challenges emerging from the Crisis" in Clifton, N., Gartner, S. & Rehfeld, D. (eds.) (2014) Companies, Cultures, and the Region: Interactions and Outcomes, London, Routledge.

Clifton, N. (2013) "Location, quality of place, and outcomes; applying the '3Ts' model to the UK" in Richard Florida, Björn Asheim, Meric Gertler and Charlotta Mellander (eds.)The Creative Class Goes Global, London, Routledge.

Clifton. N. (2009) "Place-Branding and Product-Branding in a peripheral economy: the case of Wales", in Benneworth, P., Clifton, N., Doucet, B,. Goebel, C., Hamm, R., and Schmitz, Y. (eds) The Regeneration of Image in Old Industrial Regions: agents of change and changing agents. Gottingen: Cuvillier Verlag.

Cooke, P., and Clifton, N. (2006) "The Welsh Assembly & Economic Development", in M.Tewdwr Jones & P. Allmendinger (eds.) Territory, Identity & Spatial Planning: Spatial Governance in a Fragmented Nation, London, Routledge.

Cooke, P., and Clifton, N. (2004) "Spatial variation in social capital among UK small and medium-sized enterprises", in P. Nijkamp, R. Stough & H. de Groot (eds.) Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar.

Projects

 

Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) with ICE (Innovation Centre for Enterprise), Funded by HEFCW [applicant and investigator] (November 2014 – March 2015). (£2.5k)

New Economic Models for, and from, Co-Working, (NEMODE Network+ 3K) funded by Research Councils UK Digital Economy Theme (with Tom Crick, CSM). (October 2014 – December 2014). (£3k).

Opportunities for establishing a Small Business Administration (SBA) for Wales, Federation of Small Businesses [with Professor David Pickernell & Celia Netana (University of South Wales), Prof Brooksbank (CSM)]. (July 2014 – January 2015). (£12k).

Improving creativity and innovation amongst small companies in South Wales: a focus on co-working spaces (fully funded 3 year PhD Scholarship), Cardiff Metropolitan University Research Innovation Awards (with Gareth Loudon, CSAD). (October 2013 – October 2016) [£60k]

Auditing the Cardiff City Region Economy: A Clusters-Based Approach funded by South East Wales Economic Forum [with Professor David Pickernell & Dr Chris Miller (University of Glamorgan) and Dr. Andrew Crawley (Cardiff Business School)] (March – June 2013). (£20k)

Strategic Insight Programme (SIP) with Credifsafe Group, Funded by HEFCW [applicant and investigator] (March – May 2012). (£2.5k)

Project sponsored by Cardiff & Co. on images and perceptions of the City held by senior executives in South East England. Team includes Profs Nigel Morgan and Brian Morgan and Dr Claire Haven-Tang) (September 2011- April 2012) (£30k cash and in-kind funding)

Successful application to the Regional Studies Association Event Support Scheme to provide student bursaries for the 2013 Creative Regions Summer School to be held in Cardiff (£1k)

Co-organiser / applicant of the Regional Studies Association research network on Creative Regions in Europe: challenges and opportunities (http://www.creative-regions.eu) (2010-2012) (£3k)​

Best Practice in International Knowledge Sourcing. Funded by NESTA, ECOTEC Research and Consulting and Aston University. [co-applicant / investigator with Researchers at Aston University, ECOTEC Consulting, project led by Rob Huggins, UWIC] (December 2008 – September 2009). (£65k)

Green Innovation: is Wales leading the way in 'Green' regional innovation systems? (October 2008 – October 2009) [co-applicant / investigator with Carla De Laurentis, Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research. (£10k)

A Qualitative and Quantitative assessment of Cardiff 2005, Cardiff Council (December 2006 – October 2007) [applicant and principal investigator] (£20k)

Co-organiser / applicant of the Regional Studies Association research network on Creative Industries and the Regions: Relationship between places, local and regional policies and creative production (http://www.creative-regions.eu). (2008-2009) (£3k)

Auditing Welsh Industry: a Clusters Approach- Aerospace, Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research (August 2006 – August 2007) [co-applicant / investigator with Researchers at Glamorgan and the Institute of Welsh Affairs] (£10k)

ESRC-funded UNITE (University Knowledge Into Enterprise) Network from the ESRC programme Impact of Higher Education Institutions on Regional Economies. (March 2006 - June 2006) co-organiser with Phil Cooke at Cardiff, Steve Roper and Jim Love at Aston] (£20k)

Scottish Innovation System: Review & Application of Policy, Scottish Executive (February - August 2006) [co-investigator with Researchers at Aston University and Queen's University, Belfast] (£71k)

Auditing Welsh Industry: a Clusters Approach, Welsh Assembly Government Economic Research (October 2004 – March 2005) [co-applicant / investigator with Researchers at Glamorgan and the Institute of Welsh Affairs] (£10k)

Scottish Innovation System: Actors, Roles and Actions, Scottish Executive (March - November 2005) [co-investigator with Researchers at Aston University] (£68k)

Mapping of Social Enterprise within Ceredigion, Antur Teifi (March – December 2004) [applicant and principal investigator] (£10k)

Collective Learning in Knowledge Economies: Milieu or Market?, Economic and Social Research Council (2003-2006) [Co-applicant with Phil Cooke] (£120k)

Review of Grant Schemes to the Voluntary Sector within the Health and Social Care Sector. Funded by the National Assembly for Wales. (December 2002- July 2003) [applicant and principal investigator] (£50k)

Review of published sources on Self-Identity as a Barrier to Employability, for the DEEP Partnership, WDA (March-April 2002). [co-applicant and co-investigator] (£5k)​

External Links

Joint Co-ordinator of the Creative Regions Network http://www.creative-regions.org/​

Member of the Regional Studies Association http://www.regionalstudies.org/​

Organising Committee of RSA Wales Branch

Editorial Board of the International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development http://www.inderscience.com/jhome.php?jcode=ijird​