Dr Xiaoni Ren


Senior Lecturer in Human Resource Management

Department: Business Studies
Telephone No: +44(0)29 2041 5871
Email: xren@cardiffmet.ac.uk​

Dr Xiaoni Ren is a senior lecturer in Human Resource Management (HRM) at Cardiff Metropolitan University.  She has over 10 years experience of lecturing on the subject of HRM and international business-related subjects in both China and the UK.  After she obtained her PhD degree in HRM at Cardiff Business School of Cardiff University in 2010 she worked at the University of Gloucestershire until August 2014 as a Lecturer in HRM, then the course leader for the MSc HRM course, and finally a senior lecturer in HRM.   Between 2003 and 2006 she was a bilingual lecturer in business and the course leader for the HND programme at Sichuan University in China.  She obtained her Masters degree in International Business and Management at Sheffield Business School of Sheffield Hallam University in 2001.  

Before moving into higher education, Dr Ren had accumulated considerable commercial experience in private sector organisations such as United Parcel Services (London).  In addition, she has extensive experience of oral and written language translation and interpretation (English to Mandarin Chinese and vice versa) in a wide range of contexts.

Dr Ren's research focuses on work-family conflict/work-life balance, gender studies, emotional and aesthetic labour, and Chinese/international HRM in the context of the airline industry, and more recently in higher education sectors.  She has published work in peer-refereed journals including International Journal of HRM, Studies in Higher Education and Asia Pacific Business Review.  In addition, she is a peer reviewer for the International Journal of HRM. ​




Fellow of Higher Education Academy (FHEA)

Academic Member of Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (MCIPD)

Research Interests

Work-Life Balance/Work-Family Conflict

Gender Studies

International and Comparative HRM

Cross-Cultural Studies


Journal Articles

Ren, X. (2017), 'Exploiting women's aesthetic labour to fly high in the Chinese airline indusry', Gender in Management:  An International  Journal 32(6), pp.386-403.

Foster, D. and Ren, X. (2015) 'Work-family conflict and the commodification of women's employment in three Chinese airlines', The International Journal of Human Resource Management 26(12), pp. 1568-1585

Ren, X. and Caudle, D. (2014) 'Walking the tightrope between work and non-work life: strategies employed by British and Chinese academics and their implications', Studies in Higher Education. DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2014.942277

Ren, X. and Foster, D. (2011) 'Women's Experiences of Work and Family Conflict in a Chinese Airline', Asia Pacific Business Review 17 (3), pp. 325 - 341

Conference Papers​

 Ren, X. (2016) 'Exploiting women's aesthetic labour to fly high in the Chinese airline industry'. In: The British Academy of Management (BAM) 2016 Conference, September 2016, Newcastle University, UK.

Ren, X and Caudle, D. (2014) 'Who's the acrobat? Female academics' strategies for balancing work and life in the British and Chinese contexts'. In: Gender, Work and Organisation (GWO) 8th Biennial International Interdisciplinary Conference, June 2014, Keel University, UK.

Ren. X. (2009) 'The prevalence and consequences of aesthetic and emotional labour in the Chinese airline industry'. In: The 24th Annual Employment Research Unit (ERU) Conference, September 2009, Cardiff Business School, UK.

Ren, X. and Foster, D. (2008) 'Balancing Work and Life in the Chinese Airline Industry: Women's Experience in the East and some Comparisons with the West'. In: The 9th International Federation of Scholarly Associations of Management (IFSAM) Conference. July 2008, Fudan University, China.​

Ren, X. and Caudle, D. (2020) Balancing academia and family life: The gendered strains and struggles between the UK and China compared, Gender in Management: An International Journal.  https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-06-2019-0093


​Date​Details​Institutions involved​Funding


​Led a research project entitled 'Work-life balance in Chinese and British academia’ and worked in partnership with colleagues.​

​University of Gloucestershire ​

​2012/13 BEPS research funding (£2,600.00)​


​Independently undertook the PhD research project entitled ‘Women’s work-family conflict in the Chinese airline industry’.​

​Cardiff University​