Professor Fei Zhao


Position: Professor in Hearing Science and Audiology
School: Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences
Telephone: :+44(0)2920417290
Room No: D.007E



My research is dedicated to improving the quality, capacity and equality of access to hearing healthcare by developing and implementing effective and accurate diagnostic tools. The significance of the work is seen in peer recognition of the scientific breakthroughs, the knowledge translation, clinical applications and resulting social impact.

One of my research interests is to develop sensitised and reliable measures for detecting the auditory dysfunction. I have led several research projects including development and clinical application of a new system to measure the middle ear dynamic characteristics and innovative approaches to understand middle ear mechanisms in pathological conditions using bioengineering theoretical analysis and artificial intelligence (AI) technology. In 2021 I was awarded a prestigious grant by the NIHR Artificial Intelligence in Health and Care Award to support a project on the development of an artificial intelligence system for the automated diagnosis of otitis media with effusion in children (also called 'glue ear').

My teaching expertise is mainly in the field of Clinical Audiology as well as some generic areas, for example, research methods, literature review, evidence based medicine and ENT disorders.

My management expertise is about 1] academic management, including substantial course design and module development for both UG and PG programmes; and 2] administrative management, including solving problems, establishing collaborative links with professional communities and local health authority.




SLT5204 Sound, Hearing and Audiology


APP7008: Balance Disorders and Rehabilitation

APP7009: Industrial and Environmental Audiology

APP7010: Paediatric Hearing Impairment

APP7011: Advanced Diagnostic Audiology and Rehabilitation



  • SLT6080 Undergraduate Research Project
  • APP7004 Postgraduate Research Project

    PhD Supervision
  1. Jiaying Li, Speech development in Cantonese-Mandarin bilingual children with cochlear implants. Enrolled in January 2018. She is the final stage of PhD study.
  2. Tianxiang Lan, Exploring Cognitive Function Alterations Using Electroencephalography (EEG) Measurement in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus Post Tinnitus Multivariate Integrated Sound Therapy (T-MIST). Enrolled in September 2019. He has completed MPhil-PhD transfer in 2021.
  3. Nadeem T. Mahafza (Director of Studies), Subcategories of Tinnitus Patients with Normal Hearing and the Medium-term Effectiveness of Tinnitus Multivariate Sound Therapy. Enrolled in September 2019. He is going to have MPhil-PhD transfer in April 2022.



Research interests

  • Clinical application of AI technology for automated diagnosis of middle ear disorders
  • Improving accessibility and quality of global hearing healthcare for children living with hearing impairment
  • Applications of deep learning in sound classification and speech enhancement
  • Novel tinnitus intervention and cognitive function
  • Music over-exposure and hearing health education


Authored book and contributions to edited books (peer-reviewed)

  1. Zhao F and Zheng YQ. Adult Audiological Rehabilitation. Tianjin People's Publisher Ltd. Tianjin, China. 300 pages, 2015. 
  2. Kei J and Zhao F (co-editor). Assessment Of Middle Ear Function In Young Infants, Plural Publishing, Inc. 265 pages, 2011.     
  3. Zhao F & Mayr R. Pure Tone Audiometry and Speech Audiometry. In: Ball, M.J. (Ed.), Manual of Clinical Phonetics. Series: Language and Speech Disorders, pp. 444-460. London: Routledge, 2021.
  4. Zhao F. Overview of Diagnostic Audiology. In: Zhang H. Handbook of Professional Certification Exams. Beijing: Public Health Publishing Ltd, Pp. 110-114, 2019.
  5. Zhao F. Evaluation of Audiological Outcomes and Clinical Decision Making. In: Zhang H. Handbook of Professional Certification Exams. Beijing: Public Health Publishing Ltd, Pp. 281-286, Public Health Publishing Ltd, 2019.
  6. Zhao F, Delaney C and Xiong WL. Evaluation and Diagnosis: Understanding, communication and shared decision making. In: Manchaiah V and Danermark B eds. The Experiences of Hearing Loss: Journey to Aural Rehabilitation. pp. 88-99, Oxon: Routledge Publishers, 2017.
  7. Zhao F, Meredith R, Wotherspoon N and Rhodes A. Toward an understanding of middle ear mechanism using otoreflectance: the characteristics of energy reflectance. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Middle Ear Mechanics and Otology, ed. Huber A and Eiber A. World Scientific Publishers, 2007, pp76-81.
  8. Mazzoli M, Kennedy V, Newton V, Zhao F, Stephens D. Phenotype/genotype correlation of autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive non-syndromal hearing impairment. In: Martini A, Mazzoli M, Stephens D, Read A. eds. Definitions, Protocols and Guidelines in Genetic Hearing Impairment. pp 79-141, London: Whurr, 2001.
  9. Stephens D, Lind-Granade G, Hatzopoulos S, Zhao F. Audiometric investigation of carriers. In: Martini A, Mazzoli M, Stephens D, Read A. eds. Definitions, Protocols and Guidelines in Genetic Hearing Impairment. pp 33-35, London: Whurr, 2001.
  10. Zhao F, Stephens SDG, Meredith R, Valerie Newton. Parameter analyses of Audioscan notches in carriers of genetic hearing loss. In: Stephens D, Read A, Martini A, eds. Developments in Genetic Hearing Impairment I. London: Whurr, pp 60-67, 1998.
Academic Journal Papers (referred)
  1. Zeng JB, Kang WB, Chen SJ, Lin Y, Deng WT, Wang YJ, Chen GS, Ma K, Zhao F, Zheng YF, Liang, MJ, Zeng LQ, Ye WJ, Li P, Chen YB, Chen GP, Gao JL, Wu MJ, Su YJ, Zheng YQ, Cai YX. A Deep Learning Approach to Predict Conductive Hearing Loss in Otitis Media with Effusion Using Otoscopic Images. JAMA Otolaryngology (in press).
  2. Chen FF, Zhao F, Mahafza N, Lu W, Detecting Noise-Induced Cochlear Synaptopathy by Auditory Brainstem Response in Tinnitus Patients with Normal Hearing Thresholds. Frontiers in Neuroscience (Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience). 20 December 2021 |
  3. Meng ZL, Chen F, Zhao F, Gu HL Zheng Y. Early detection of noise-induced hearing loss: a comparison between otoacoustic emission and extended high frequency. World Journal of Clinical Cases. 2022; 10(6): 1815-1825. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v10.i6.1815
  4. Li JH, Qiu ZH, Qiu YH, Li LW, Zheng YQ, Zhao F, Huang XY, Liang MJ, Li YJ,Cai1 YX, Ou YK. Prognostic factors influencing the tinnitus improvement after idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss treatment. Otology & Neurotology (in press).
  5. Petrie A, Mayr R, Zhao F, Montanari S, Parent-child interaction during storybook reading: Wordless narrative books versus books with text. Journal of Child Language (in press). DOI:10.1017/S0305000921000763
  6. Li JY, Mayr R, Zhao F. Speech production in Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants: A systematic review. International Journal of Audiology (in press).
  7. Baker S, Wren Y, Zhao F, Cooper F. Exploring the relationship between conductive hearing loss and cleft speech characteristics. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology (in press).
  8. Lan LP, Li JH, Chen YH, Chen W, Li WR, Zhao F, Chen GS, Liu JH, Chen YC, Li YQ, Wang CD, Zheng YQ, Cai YX. Alterations of brain activity and functional connectivity in transition from acute to chronic tinnitus. Human Brain Mapping (in press)
  9. Grais EM, Wang XY, Wang J, Zhao F, Jiang W, Cai YX, Zhang LF, Lin QW, Yang HD. 2021, Analysing wideband absorbance immittance in normal and ears with otitis media with effusion using machine learning. Scientific Reports, 11:10643.
  10. Chen W, Lan LP, Xiao W, Li JH, Liu JH, Zhao F, Wang CD, Zheng YQ, Chen WR, Cai YX. Reduced functional connectivity in children with congenital cataracts using resting-state electroencephalography measurement. Frontier Neuroscience,  14 April 2021.
  11. Mahafza N, Zhao F, El Refaie A, and Chen FF. (2021)  A comparison of the severity of tinnitus in patients with and without hearing loss using the tinnitus functional index (TFI) International Journal of Audiology. 60(3):220-226.
  12. Cai YX, Yu JG, Chen YB, Liu C, Xiao LC, Grais EM, Zhao F, Lan LP, Zeng SX, Zeng JB, Wu MJ, Su YJ, Li YQ, Zheng YQ. 2021. Investigating the Use of a Two-Stage Attention-Aware Convolutional Neural Network for the Automated Diagnosis of Otitis Media from Tympanic Membrane Images: a Prediction Model Development and Validation Study. BMJ Open. 11:e041139. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041139
  13. Chen FF, Cao ZW, Grais EM, Zhao F. 2021. Contributions and Limitations of Using Machine Learning to Predict Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 94(5), 1097-1111. DOI:10.1007/s00420-020-01648-w
  14. Lan TX, Cao ZW, Zhao F, Perham N. 2021. The Association between Effectiveness of Tinnitus Intervention and Cognitive Function – A Systematic Review. Frontiers Psychology- Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.553449.
  15. Lan TX, Zhao F, Xiong BB. 2020. The Acceptability of an Internet-based Tinnitus - Multivariate Integrated Sound Therapy (T-MIST) for Patients with Tinnitus. Ear, Nose and Throat Journal.
  16. Yang FL, Zhao F, Zheng Y, Li G. 2020. Modification and Verification of the Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale: a Psychometric Analysis Combining Item Response Theory with Classical Test Theory. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 13;18(1):367. doi: 10.1186/s12955-020-01620-9.
  17. Cronin T and Zhao F. (2020) Temporary threshold shift following ear canal microsuction. Int J Audiol. 59(9):713-718. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2020.1746977
  18. Grais EM, Zhao F, and Plumbley M. Multi-Band Multi-Resolution Fully Convolutional Neural Networks for Singing Voice Separation. 28th European Signal Processing Conference Proceedings, EUSIPCO 2020.
  19. Cai YX,  Xie MW, WuXY, Tong ZP, Su Y, Xu WC. Li JH, Zhao F, Dang CP, Chen GS, Lan LP, Shen J, Zheng YQ. Aberrant Functional and Causal Connectivity in Acute Tinnitus with Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Frontiers in Neuroscience, Section Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience 30;14:592. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2020.00592.
  20. Liang MJ, Liu JH, Cai YX, Zhao F, Chen SJ, Chen L, Chen YB , Zheng YQ. (2020) Event Related Potential Evidence of Enhanced Visual Processing in Auditory Associated Cortex in Adults with Hearing Loss. Audiology and Neuro-otology. 25(5):237-248. doi: 10.1159/000505608.
  21. Shen S, Zhao F, Chen ZY, Yu S, Cao TT, Ma P, Zheng QY (2020). Biomechanical Analysis of Angular Motion in Association with Bilateral Semicircular Canal Function. Biophysical Journal. 118(3):729-741. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2019.12.007.
  22. Zhang LF, Wang J, Zhao F and Li YX. (2020) Inner Ear Pressure Evaluation using Wideband Tympanometry on Children with Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS). International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology,128:109690. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109690
  23. Li G, Zhao F, Tao Y, Zhang L, Yao XY and Zheng Y. (2020) Trajectory of Auditory and Language Development in the Early Stages of Pre-lingual Children Post Cochlear Implantation: a Longitudinal Follow up Study. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 128:109720. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109720
  24. Sambah I, Zhao F and El-Lishani R. (2020) A Professional's Experience with Causes of Delay in the Diagnosis and Intervention of Children with Congenital Hearing Loss in Libya. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 128:109687. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.109687.
  25. Zhao YX, Zhao F, El Refaie A, Wang BC, Chen DP, Chen KS and Lan TX. (2019) Long-term Effectiveness of Tinnitus Multivariate Integrated Sound Therapy (T-MIST) in Tinnitus Patients with Normal Hearing Thresholds: A Preliminary Study. Clinical Otolaryngology Nov;44(6):1156-1161. doi: 10.1111/coa.13426.
  26. Cao ZW, Zhao F, Mulugeta H, (2019) Noise Exposure as a Risk Factor for Acoustic Neuroma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Int J Audiol. Sep;58(9):525-532. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2019.1602289 
  27. Cai YX,  Li JH, Chen YH, Chen W, Dang CP, Zhao F, Li WR, Chen GS, Chen SJ, Liang MJ, Zheng YQ. Inhibition of Brain Area and Functional Connectivity in Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss with Tinnitus Based on Resting-state EEG. Frontiers in Neuroscience (Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience).  14 August 2019|
  28. Cao ZW, Yue FJ, Huang W, Zhao F, Different medications for intratympanic injection for definite Ménière's disease: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Clinical Otolaryngology. Jul;44(4):619-627. doi: 10.1111/coa.13350.
  29. Manchaiah V, Zhao F, Ratinaud P, (2019) Young adults' knowledge and attitude regarding 'music' and 'loud music' across countries: Applications of Social Representations Theory. Frontiers in Psychology 25 June 2019|
  30. Meng ZL, Zhao F, Zheng Y, (2019) Categorisation of Tinnitus Severity for the Mandarin Tinnitus Questionnaire. Ear, Nose and Throat Journal. 1–6. doi:10.1177/0145561319853256e
  31. Cai YX, Chen GS, Chen YH, Li JH, Wang CD, Zhao F, Dang CP, Zhong XL, Liang JH, He NN, Liang MJ, Zheng YQ, Altered Resting-State EEG Microstate in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Patients with Tinnitus. Frontiers Frontiers in Neuroscience (Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience). 07 May 2019 |
  32. Cai YX, Chen GS, Zhong XL, Yu GZ, Mo AJ,  Jiang JJ, Chen XT, Zhao F, Zheng YQ, (2018), Influence of audiovisual training on horizontal sound localization and its related ERP response. Frontiers in Humanl Neuroscience. 23 October 2018.
  33. Cai YX, Huang D, Chen YH. Yang HD, Wang CD,  Zhao F, Liu JH, Sun YF, Chen GS, , Chen XT, Xiong H, Zheng YQ, (2018), Deviant Dynamics of Resting State Electroencephalogram Microstate in Patients With Subjective Tinnitus. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 22 June 2018.
  34. Manchaiah V, Zhao F, Oladeji S, Ratinaud P, (2018), Examination of previously published data to identify patterns in the social representation of 'loud music' in young adults across countries. Noise Health, 20: 16-22.
  35. Lai D, Zhao F, Jalal N, Zheng Y, (2017) Intratympanic glucocorticosteroid therapy for idiopathic sudden hearing loss: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Medicine, 96(50):e8955. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008955.
  36. Cai YX, Zhou Q, Yang HD, Jiang JJ,  Zhao F, Huang XY, Mo HJ, Chen XT, Xiong H, Chen SJ, Zhang XY, Zheng YQ, (2017), Logistic Regression Analysis of Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Intensive Sound Masking Therapy in Patients with Tinnitus. BMJ Open 7:e018050. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018050.
  37. Liang MJ, ChenYB, Zhao F, Zhang JP, Liu JH, Zhang XY, Cai YX, Chen S, ChenL, Zheng YQ (2017), Visual processing recruits the auditory cortices in prelingually deaf children and influences cochlear implant outcomes. Otol Neurotol., 38(8):1104-1111.
  38. Manchaiah VK, Zhao F, Widen S, Auzenne J, Beukes EW, Ahmadi T, Tomé D, Mahadeva D, Krishna R, & Germundsson P, (2017). Social representation of 'loud music exposure' in young adults: A cross-cultural study. Journal of American Academy of Audiology,28(6):522-533. doi:10.3766/jaaa.16046
  39. Cai YX, Sun YF, Yang HD, Chen L, Huang XY, Zhao F, Chen SJ, Li XH, Qiu ZH, Zheng YQ. Preliminary Results of Retraining Using Tailor Made Notch Music in Patients with Subjective Tinnitus. Chinese Journal of Otology. 2017, 15 (4): 465-470.
  40. Fang XL,Wang J,Zhao F (2017). Comprehensive evaluation of the intervention effects on unilateral deafness: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Hearing and Speech Sciences. 4,261-265.
  41. Wang J,  Wang LJ, Zhao F, Shi Y,Li YX, Li X (2017). Effects of external auditory canal sound pressure on bone conduction high frequency hearing threshold using bone conduction stimulation. Chinese Journal of Hearing and Speech Sciences. 5,349-352.
  42. Manchaiah VK, Zhao F, Widen S, Auzenne J, Beukes EW, Ahmadi T, Tomé D, Mahadeva D, Krishna R, & Germundsson P, (2017). Social representation of 'music' in young adults: A cross-cultural study. International Journal of Audiology, 56 (1), 24-32. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01390
  43. Cai YX, Zhao F, ChenYB, Liang MJ, L, Yang HD, Xiong H, Zhang XY, Zheng YQ, (2016) The effect of symmetrical and asymmetrical hearing impairment on the music quality perception. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head & Neck, 273, 2451-2459. doi: 10.1007/s00405-015-3838-8.
  44. Jiang W, Zhao F, Guderley N, ManchaiahV, (2016) Music listening in relation to recommended daily noise exposure dose and hearing problems using personal listening devices in adolescents and young adults. International Journal of Audiology. 55(4), 197-205. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2015.1122237
  45. Wang J,Zhao F,Zhang Y, Li YX (2016). Detection of Normal Tympanic Membrane Vibration using Laser Doppler Vibrometer. Chinese Journal of Otology. 4(3), 30-33.
  46. Manchaiah V, Danermark B, Ahmadi T, Tomé D, Zhao F, Li Q, Krishna R, Germundsson P, (2015).  Social representation of hearing loss: Cross-cultural study in India, Iran, Portugal, and the United Kingdom. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10:1-16. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S91076.
  47. Mazlan R, Kei J, Ya CL, Yusof WNHM, Siam L, Zhao F. (2015).  Age and gender effects on wideband absorbance in adults with normal outer and middle ear function. J Sp Lang Hear Res., 58(Aug):1377-1386. doi: 10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-14-0199.
  48. Zhao F, Manchaiah V, St Claire L, Danermark B , Jones L, Brandreth M, Krishna R & Goodwin R, 2015, Exploring the influence of culture on hearing help-seeking and hearing-aid uptake. Int J Audiol., Jul;54(7):435-443. doi:10.3109/14992027.2015.1005848.
  49. Cai YX, Zheng YQ, Liang MJ, Zhao F, Yu GZ, Liu Y Chen YB, (2015) Auditory Spatial Discrimination and the Mismatch Negativity Response in Hearing-Impaired Individuals. PLOS ONE, August 25 1-18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136299.
  50. Wang J, Zhao F, Li YX (2015).  Effects of tympanic membrane thickness on sound transmission in the middle ear during temporal muscle fascia reconstruction: a finite element model study. Chinese Journal of Otolaryngology. 22(8):414-418. doi:10.16066/j.1672-7002.2015.08.004
  51. Zhao F, Stephens SDG , Ishak WS and Meyer-Bisch C (2014). The characteristics of Audioscan and DPOAE measures in tinnitus patients with normal hearing thresholds. Int J Audiol. 53(5):309-17. doi:10.3109/14992027.2013.868047.
  52. Li Q, Xia S, Zhao F and Qi J. (2014). Functional changes in people with different hearing status and experiences of using Chinese sign language: an fMRI study. J Commun Disord. 50:51-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2014.05.001.
  53. Zhao F and Bardsley B (2014). Real-ear acoustical characteristics of impulse sound generated by golf drivers and the estimated risk to hearing: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 4 e003517. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003517
  54. Liang MJ, Zhang X, Chen T, Zheng Y, Zhao F, Yang H, Zhong Z, Zhang Z, Chen S and Chen L (2014). Evaluation of auditory cortical development in the early stages of post cochlear implantation using mismatch negativity measurement. Otol Neurotol. 35(1) e7-14. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000000181.
  1. Cai YX, Zhao F and Zheng YQ (2013). Development and validation of a Chinese music quality rating test. Int J Audiol. 52:587-595. doi:10.3109/14992027.2013.797609.
  1. Cai YX, Zhao F and Zheng YQ (2013). Mechanisms of music perception and its changes in hearing impaired people. Audiol Med. 11:168-175.
  2. Ishak WS, Zhao F, Rajenderkumar D and Arif M. (2013). Measurement of subtle auditory deficit in tinnitus patients with normal audiometric thresholds using evoked otoacoustic emissions and threshold equalizing noise tests. International Tinnitus Journal. 18(1):35-44. doi: 10.5935/0946-5448.20130006
  3. Zhao F, French D, Manchaiah V, Zheng YQ, Liang LM and Price S (2012). Music Exposure and Hearing Health Education: Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviour in Adolescents and Young Adults. Health Education Journal, 71:709-724.
  4. Liang MJ, Zhao F, French D and Zheng YQ (2012). The Noise Reduction Effects of Noise Cancelling Headphones in the Presence of Street Noise and Subway Noise. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 131:4526-4534 doi:10.1121/1.4707457.
  5. Manchaiah VKC, Stephens D and Zhao F (2012). Communication partner involvement in the audiological enablement/rehabilitation of adults with acquired hearing impairment: An overview. Audiological Medicine, 10:21-30.
  6. Manchaiah V and Zhao F (2012) Storytelling in different cultural context: applications to hearing loss public awareness. Journal of Behavioral Health. 1(4):322-329.
  7. Manchaiah V, Zhao F, Danesh AA and Duprey R (2011). The genetic basis of Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD). International Journal of Paediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 75:151-158. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.11.023.
  8. Wang J, Zhao F & Li YX, Han DM, Gong SS, Zhao SQ, Zhang H (2011). Effect of Anterior Tympanomeatal Angle Blunting on the Middle Ear Transfer Function. Medical Engineering and Physics, 33:1136-1146. doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2011.05.005
  9. Ishak WS, Zhao F, Stephens D, Culling J, Bai J and Meyer-Bisch C (2011). Test-Retest Reliability and Validity of Audioscan & Békésy in Comparison with Pure Tone Audiometry. Audiological Medicine. 9,40-45.
  10. Zheng Y, Zhao F, Liang MJ, Bardsley B, Yang HD and Zhang ZG (2011). Toward an Understanding of Auditory Evoked Cortical Event-Related Potentials: Characteristics and Classification. Audiological Medicine. 9,16-25.
  11. Zhao F, Manchaiah V, French D and Price S. (2010) Music Exposure and Hearing Disorders: An Overview. International Journal of Audiology 49(1): 54-64. doi:10.3109/14992020903202520.
  12. Zhao F, Koike T, Wang J, Sienz J and Meredith R (2009). Finite Element Analysis of the Middle Ear Transfer Functions and Related Pathologies. Medical Engineering and Physics. 30:907-916. doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2009.06.009.
  13. Zhao F, Stephens D, Pryce H, Zheng Y and Bahgat D. (2008) Rehabilitative management strategies in patients with King-Kopetzky syndrome.  Australia and New Zealand Journal of Audiology. 30(2):119-127. doi: 10.1375/audi.30.2.119
  14. Zhao F, Bai Z and Stephens S. (2008) The relationship between changes in self-rated quality of life after cochlear implantation and changes in individual complaints. Clinical Otolaryngology. 33 (5):427-434. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-4486.2008.01773.x
  15. Zhao F, Lowe G and Meredith R. (2007) The characteristics of otoreflectance and its test retest reliability. Asia Pacific Journal of Speech Language and Hearing. 11(1): 1-7.
  16. Li Q and Zhao F. (2007) Deaf graduate into employment in China: job expectations. Asia Pacific Journal of Speech Language and Hearing 11(1):9-14.
  17. Zhao F and Stephens D. (2007) A Critical Review of King-Kopetzky Syndrome: Hearing Difficulties, But Normal Hearing? Audiological Medicine. 5:119-124.
  18. Zhao F, Stephens D. (2006) Distortion product otoacoustic emissions in patients with King-Kopetzky syndrome. International Journal of Audiology 45:34-39.
  19. Culling J, Zhao F and Stephens D. (2005) The viability of speech-in-noise audiometric screening using domestic audio equipment. International Journal of Audiology. 44:691-700. doi:10.1080/14992020500267017
  20. Zhao F, Rogers M, Stephens D, Harper P (2004) Audiometric investigation in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Audiological Medicine 2(4): 247-254.
  21. Stephens D, Zhao F and Kennedy V. (2003) Is there an association between noise exposure and King Kopetzky Syndrome? Noise Health.5:55-62.
  22. Zhao F, Wada H, Koike H, Ohyama K, Kawase T and Stephens D. (2003) Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions in Patients with Middle Ear Disorders. International Journal of Audiology 42:117-131.
  23. Keefe DH, Gorga MP, Neely ST, Zhao F, and Vohr BR. (2003) Ear-canal acoustic admittance and reflectance measurements in human neonates: II, Predictions of middle-ear dysfunction and sensorineural hearing. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 113(1):407-422. doi: 10.1121/1.1523388.
  24. Keefe DH, Zhao F, Neely ST, and Gorga MP. (2003) Ear-canal acoustic admittance and reflectance effects in human neonates.  I, Predictions of otoacoustic emission and auditory brainstem responses. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 113(1):389-406. doi:10.1121/1.1523387.
  25. Rogers M, Zhao F, Stephens D, Harper P. (2002) Absence of hearing impairment in adult onset facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Neuromuscular Disorders 12:366-370. doi:10.1016/s0960-8966(02)00004-4.
  26. Zhao F, Wada H, Koike H, Ohyama K, Kawase T and Stephens D (2002) Middle ear dynamic characteristics in patients with otosclerosis. Ear and Hearing 23(2): 150-158. doi:10.1097/00003446-200204000-00007.
  27. Zhao F, Stephens D, Meyer-Bisch C. (2002) Review: The Audioscan: a high frequency resolution audiometric technique and its clinical applications. Clinical Otolaryngology 27:1-7.
  28. Stephens D, Zhao F. (2002) Effectiveness of self-rating measures of auditory activity limitation and participation restriction in patients with hearing impairment. Iranian Audiology 1:33-40.
  29. Zhao F and Stephens D. (2000) Subcategories of Patients with King-Kopetzky Syndrome (Obscure Auditory Dysfunction). Br J Audiol 34:241-256.
  30. Stephens D and Zhao F. (2000) The role of a family history in King Kopetzky Syndrome. Acta Otolaryngol 120:197-200. DOI: 10.3109/03005364000000134
  31. Zhao F, Wada H, Koike H, and Stephens D. (2000) Review: The influence of the middle ear disorders on otoacoustic emissions. Clinical Otolaryngology 25:3-8.
  32. Zhao F and Stephens D (1999a) Test-retest variability of distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Scand Audiol 28:171-175.
  33. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1999b) Audioscan test in patients with King-Kopetzky syndrome. Acta Otolaryngol 119:306-310.
  34. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1999c) Audioscan notches in patients with King-Kopetzky syndrome and a family history of hearing impairment. J Audiol Med 8: 101-112.
  35. Stephens SDG, Jaworski A, Kerr P and Zhao F. (1998) The use of patient-specific estimates in patients evaluation and rehabilitation. Scand Audiol. 27: (Suppl 49), 61-68.
  36. Zhao F and Stephens D (1998) Analysis of Audioscan and DPOAEs in subjects with normal hearing. Audiology 37:335-343. doi:10.3109/00206099809072987.
  37. Zhao F, Stephens SDG, Sim SW and Meredith R. (1997) The use of qualitative questionnaires in patients having and being considered for cochlear implant. Clinical Otolaryngology 22(3):254-259.
  38. Zhao F, Özçaglar H, Meredith R and Stephens SDG. (1997) Transient evoked otoacoustic emission with contralateral stimulation in King-Kopetzky syndrome. Journal of Audiological Medicine 6(1):36-44.
  39. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1996a) Hearing complaints of patients with King Kopetzky Syndrome. Br J Audiol. 30:397-402. doi:10.3109/03005369609078427.
  1. Stephens D and Zhao F. (1996) Hearing impairment-special needs of the elderly. Filia Phoniatra et Logopedica, 48(3):137-142.
  2. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1996c) The determinants of speech hearing disability in King-Kopetzky syndrome. Scand Audiol. 25:91-96. doi:10.3109/01050399609047989.
  3. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1996b) Review: Clinical assessment of King-Kopetzky syndrome. Indian Journal of Otology 2 (1):4-10.
  4. Zhao F and Stephens D. (1996a) Hearing complaints of patients with King Kopetzky Syndrome. Br J Audiol. 30:397-402. doi:10.3109/03005369609078427
  1. 2021-2022: NIHR AI-Award, Development of an Artificial Intelligence System for the Automated Diagnosis of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children (£150,000)
  2. 2021: Global Academies Fellowship Grant, Cardiff Metropolitan University. Using a Deep Learning Algorithm for Automatically Diagnosing Childhood Otitis Media with Effusion (£10,000)
  3. 2019-2020: The Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation. Development and Validation of a Deep Learning Algorithm for Automatically Diagnosing Childhood Otitis Media with Effusion in Comparison to Clinical Measures and Finite Element Models (£4,100)
  4. 2019-2020: Ser Cymru III Enhancing Competitiveness Infrastructure Award. Enhancing Infrastructure by Purchasing a Powerful Computer for Fostering a Culture of Digital Healthcare and Adopting Artificial Intelligence Technology in Healthcare Provision (£9,697.2)
  5. 2019-2020: Global Academies R&I Development Fund (£1976.4)
  6. 2017-2018: Cardiff Metropolitan University Research Innovation Award, Enhancing music perception in people with hearing loss (to support a postdoctoral research assistant for 24 months, approximately £90,000), together with 10,000 GBP from external matched funding support.
  7. 2016 -2019: Beijing Bio-Engineering Research Award, Innovative approaches for investigating hearing sensitivity in childhood ottitis media with effusion: clinical investigation vs. theoretic analysis (£91,000).
  8. 2016: Cardiff Metropolitan University CSHS Enterprise Fund, Developing and Implementing earwax remove course (£1,500).
  9. 2016: Cardiff Metropolitan University Research and Enterprise IP Fund, Development of headphones to avoid noise over-exposure (£12,500).
  10. 2015: Cardiff Metropolitan University Accelerator Fund, Effects of Advance Hearing Aid Features on Music Perception (£4,270).
  11. 2014: University of Bristol, Widening Participation Funding. Widening Participation on the Education of Music Exposure and Hearing Protection (£3,000).
  12. 2012 – 2013: Sasakawa Foundation, Golf and hearing disability: innovative approaches to enhance awareness of hearing health in Golf players and public (£4,000).
  13. 2012 – 2013: Oticon Foundation, Attitude towards the uptake of hearing aids during the audiological rehabilitation process: A cross cultural comparison between India, China, Sweden and the UK (£4,250).
  14. 2012: ESRC Festival of Social Science, Hands on experience of music exposure and hearing protection (£2,000).

  15. 2011 – 2014: Chinese Association of Audiology. 'The employability of deaf and hearing impaired graduates: an across culture comparison', PI and grant holder at Bristol (700,000 CNY, approximately £66,000).

  16. 2010 2012 Co-PI, Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia. 'Towards understanding middle ear mechanism using wideband energy reflectance (WBR). PI: Dr. Rafidah Mazlan. Department of Audiology and Speech Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia (39,500 MYR, approximately £8,000).

  17. 2009 – 2011: British Council PMI2 UK-China China-UK Collaborative Partnerships in Employability and Entrepreneurship. 'Fast track hearing aids audiologist training project' (£42,000).

  18. 2008 – 2010: British Council PMI2 Research Co-operation Award  Innovative approaches towards understanding middle ear mechanisms (£27,000).

  19. 2009: Benjamin Meaker Fast Track Small Grant Scheme, UOB, to support travel expenses for Dr Brian Fligor, Director of Diagnostic Audiology, Department of Otology and Laryngology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School,  U.S.A (1,000).

  20. 2008 – 2009: Bristol University Alumni Foundation. Music exposure and hearing health awareness (£9,000).

  21. 2008 – 2009: Sasakawa Foundation, Towards understanding middle ear mechanisms: clinical data vs. theoretic analysis (£5,000).

  22. 2007 – 2009: South West Strategic Health Authority (SHA), Developing Masters level education and CPD training for practising audiologists (£100,000).

  23. 2007: Royal Society (Conference Support Scheme) Toward an understanding of middle ear mechanism using otoreflectance: the characteristics of energy reflectance. Attended 4th Middle Ear Research Symposium, Zurich, Switzerland (£1,000).

  24. 2006 – 2007: British Academy (Small Grant Scheme) Deaf graduate into employment in China: Job expectation and satisfaction (£5,600).

  25. 2005 – 2006: British Council – NOW Partnership Programme in Science. Auditory cognition in patients with King-Kopetzky syndrome and central auditory dysfunction (4,000).

  26. 2005 – 2006: Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the middle ear transfer function and related pathologies (£13,500).

  27. 2004 – 2005: RNID Satisfaction with quality and access to health care for deaf and hard of hearing people in Wales (£7,000).